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The Real Meaning of Valentine's Day

Posted on February 09, 2016 by Don Tolman | 2 comments

Valentines Day – Is There A Deeper Meaning?

Ever wondered why on this one random day each year, people everywhere have a contest to see who can say “I love you” with the most flair?

Valentine’s Day, celebrated every year on the 14th of February, has many varied customs that help remember 3 martyred Catholic saints (we are told) and allow couples to celebrate their love for one another…but, maybe...just maybe...it’s time we took a look at the deeper history of this ancient celebrated day of the “love feast"!

It's interesting to realise that Valentine’s Day, though now associated with chocolates, expensive gifts, roses (symbol of Eros or Sexual Love) and sweet cards for the romantically involved or for those who want to be, originally had a different name.

Christianity Meets the Pagans (meaning “country dwelling gardeners) of the Roman Empire: Lupercalia

The non-Christian Pagan’s of the Roman Empire already had a romance-related celebration in mid-February: Lupercalia.

This holiday required that all of the houses (symbol of one’s body) be purified, first by sweeping and then with a sprinkling of salt and spelt, a type of wheat.

This prepared the ancients for the celebration in honour of Faunus, the god of agriculture (seeds and fertility), and Romulus and Remus, the twin gods of Rome who are given credit for building Rome on one of the 7 Hills along the Tiber River (vale means to flow as does a river…valen means to attract…entine means comes of entice/enthuseos, hence, “Valentine”…to flow with the attraction of sexual excitement.)

The origins of our modern Valentines Day was that it was an attempt to “Christianize” the pagans.

The Christians took all of the Pagan Celebrations and rewrote them to fit their own names and events.

Easter bunnies, hiding, searching and finding the eggs.

Christmas Santa’s, pine trees, etc.

During this time, pagan gardeners made offerings of fresh foods as gifts to Faunus as a Love Feast, meant for couples who were not expecting a child at the time, so they could then act as “eligible singles” to then choose a new romantic partner to have a baby with for the upcoming year through a lottery process.

This practice of union going for one year or until the birth of a baby was later seen as “unchristian” and “evil” and was later outlawed by the Church.

Valentine’s Day and Romance

Romance (erotic people of Rome) and Valentine’s Day are usually seen as being paired together, but the specific reason for this pairing goes back to a natural observation of “Nature”…

Even during medieval times, people in England and France observed and wrote that February 14th was the beginning of the mating season for birds.

Since animals were beginning to mate and pair off, people believed that there must be in nature itself a certain romantic aspect of the day.

Valentine Cards

The first Valentine cards began appearing around 1400 and were often exchanged among friends and lovers in all social classes.

What is believed to be the first Valentine card is on display in the British Museum, I got to see it myself in the late 1970′s.

Anciently they scratched an “I love You” into the skin and peelings of foods that looked like the heart, such as mangoes, tomatoes, capsicum (bell Peppers), etc.

Then they ate the food together in a “spirit of Love”.

Today, Valentine’s Day is one of the biggest card-purchasing holidays in many countries, with customers buying more cards for this occasion than every other day except Christmas.

Valentine’s Day is often a day shrouded in red, pink, and white hearts, Cupids with Love arrows, chocolate, as it is believed to be an aphrodisiac, unicorns and romantic gestures.

Many of the ways in which the holiday is celebrated date back to ancient and medieval times and are still present in celebrations today.

Lupercalia: Wolf Festival a Celebration of Fertility

Lupercalia, sometimes called Februatio, was part fertility rite, part purification ritual, and part festival honouring the she-wolf who nursed Romulus and Remus.

In 375 BCE the Roman birth rate was still insufficient. They dedicated a temple to the Goddess Juno in her aspect as goddess of marriage, fertility, and childbirth.

The Romans claimed she had spoken from a bush during the taking of the Sabines saying, “The sacred goat must penetrate Italy’s mothers.”

The Lupercalia festival began on February 15th. The Luperci (wolf priests), sacrificed two male goats and a dog at the Lupercal (the cave where the she-wolf was said to have suckled Romulus and Remus).

The dog probably represented the wolves that the wolf god Lupercus was supposed to keep at bay as a protector of herds.

Two boys were then chosen to represent the legendary twins, and brought to the cave, where the priests anointed them on the forehead with the bloodied knives used in the sacrifice. The knives were immediately wiped on goatskins soaked in milk.

The boys would then join in the race of the Luperci, clad only in goatskin loin cloths. The Luperci used strips of the sacred goats’ skin, called Februa, to whip women in the streets and purify them. In this way, the women were afforded fertility and protection in childbirth.

On the eve of Lupercalia, February 14th, boys drew the names of girls by lot, sometimes pairing them as friends for months, for a year, or even as spouses for a lifetime, there was Liberty and Freedom to choose.

St. Valentine’s Feast Day

Pope Gelasius I outlawed the Lupercalia festival during his papacy c. 492 CE- 496 CE and replaced it in 496 CE when he decreed February 14th as “St. Valentine’s Feast Day”.

There were numerous early Christian martyrs named Valentine. One legend is that the Roman Emperor Claudius II ordered young men to remain single. He believed that bachelors were better soldiers.

Valentine, a priest, secretly married young Roman lovers and was sentenced to death for his defiance of the law.

In the 1969 revision of “The Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints” St. Valentine’s Feast was removed from the calendar,( as I mentioned above).

Valentine’s Day in Modern Times

Most people don’t think of Romulus and Remus, Roman mythology, ancient festivals, or of the early Christian church when celebrating Valentine’s Day.

Today, Valentine’s Day is a celebration of romance and love in all its forms.

Children, family, friends, and lovers around the world exchange notes, cards, confections, flowers, and gifts with the special people in their lives.

Few of the original customs remain with us today, but much like the ancient Roman tradition on Lupercalia Eve, February 14th is still a day of choosing.

Men and women, young and old, in many places throughout the world will ask that special someone, “Will you be my Valentine?”

At the end of the day, in the 21st Century, Valentines is a day to remember that when people get together in a Spirit of Love, Caring and Kindness it is the Highest Good.

'Cowboy' Don.

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Comments

  • Steve

    Such an interesting cat you are Dammit✌️??

  • Gerry Malling

    How facinating! As usual your scholarship shows through your cowboy image. Ciao.

 

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In these terms and conditions, “we” “us” and “our” refers to Don Tolman International Pty Ltd.  Your access to and use of all information on this website including purchase of our product/s is provided subject to the following terms and conditions. 

We reserve the right to amend this Notice at any time and your use of the website following any amendments will represent your agreement to be bound by these terms and conditions as amended.  We therefore recommend that each time you access our website you read these terms and conditions.

Our Website Services

  1. Our services are provided to adults over the age of eighteen (18) years.  By proceeding to purchase through our website, you acknowledge that you are over 18 years of age.

  2. All prices are in Australian Dollars (AUD) and are inclusive of GST.  We endeavour to ensure that our price list is current.  Our price list can be accessed from our home page and we reserve the right to amend our prices at any time.  If you have placed an order, we undertake to fulfil your order at the price listed at the time you ordered. 

Product Descriptions

  1. We strive to ensure that our products are described as accurately as possible on our website, however we do not warrant that the description is accurate.  Where we become aware of any misdescription, we reserve the right to correct any error or omission. 
  2. Images have been provided for illustrative purposes only and we do not guarantee that any image will reproduce in true colour nor that any given image will reflect or portray the full design or options relating to that product.

Product Orders

  1. Our products are for sale to adults over the age of eighteen (18) years.  By proceeding to purchase through our website, you acknowledge that you are over 18 years of age.
  2. We endeavour to ensure that our product list is current however we give no undertaking as to the availability of any product advertised on our website.
  3. All prices are in Australian Dollars (AUD) and are inclusive of GST.  Our price list can be accessed from our home page and we reserve the right to amend our prices at any time.
  4. Packaging and postage is an additional charge, calculated at time of purchase.
  5. When you order from us, we require you to provide your name, address for delivery, your email address, telephone contact and credit card details.  We undertake to take due care with this information; however in providing us with such information you accept that we are not liable for its misuse due to error in transmission or virus or malware.
  6. We undertake to accept or reject your order within 7 days.  If we have not responded to you within 7 days, your offer is deemed to be rejected.  We are not required to give reasons for rejecting your offer to purchase however the most likely reason for rejecting your offer will be that we do not currently have that product in stock.
  7. Delivery of your ordered product/s will be as set out on our website.  Title in the goods passes to you when we have received payment.  Our terms of payment are set out on the order page. 
  8. All risk of loss or damage to the goods passes to you when we despatch the goods.

Product Returns

  1. We undertake to reimburse you for any product delivered to you that is faulty or is in a damaged condition.  If you wish to return a faulty or damaged product, you must notify us through our designated “contact us” webpage where we set out our requirements relating to return of such goods.
  2. We also undertake to exchange any undamaged product purchased from us so long as it is returned unused and with proof of purchase within 7 days of purchase however we will not provide any refund of such purchase.  If undamaged goods are returned to us for exchange, we do not refund any packing and postage charges. Return of undamaged goods for exchange is entirely at your cost and risk.
  3. If we are unable at the time of return to replace or exchange returned goods, we undertake to reimburse your credit card for the amount initially debited for the purchase including packaging and postage charges.

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  1. When you visit our website, we give you a limited licence to access and use our information for personal use.
  2. You are permitted to download a copy of the information on this website to your computer for your personal use only provided that you do not delete or change any copyright symbol, trade mark or other proprietary notice.  Your use of our content in any other way infringes our intellectual property rights.
  3. Except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), you are not permitted to copy, reproduce, republish, distribute or display any of the information on this website without our prior written permission.
  4. The licence to access and use the information on our website does not include the right to use any data mining robots or other extraction tools.  The licence also does not permit you to metatag or mirror our website without our prior written permission. We reserve the right to serve you with notice if we become aware of your metatag or mirroring of our website.

Hyperlinks

  1. This website may from time to time contain hyperlinks to other websites.  Such links are provided for convenience only and we take no responsibility for the content and maintenance of or privacy compliance by any linked website.  Any hyperlink on our website to another website does not imply our endorsement, support, or sponsorship of the operator of that website nor of the information and/or products which they provide.
  2. You may link our website without our consent.  Any such linking will be entirely your responsibility and at your expense.  By linking, you must not alter any of our website's contents including any intellectual property notices and you must not frame or reformat any of our pages, files, images, text or other materials.

Intellectual Property Rights

  1. The copyright to all content on this website including applets, graphics, images, layouts and text belongs to us or we have a licence to use those materials.
  2. All trade marks, brands and logos generally identified either with the symbols TM or ® which are used on this website are either owned by us or we have a licence to use them. Your access to our website does not license you to use those marks in any commercial way without our prior written permission.

Disclaimers

  1. Whilst we have taken all due care in providing the information on our website, we do not provide any warranty either express or implied including without limitation warranties of title or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
  2. To the extent permitted by law, any condition or warranty which would otherwise be implied into these terms and conditions is excluded. 
  3. We also take all due care in ensuring that our website is free of any virus, worm, Trojan horse and/or malware, however we are not responsible for any damage to your computer system which arises in connection with your use of our website or any linked website.

Statutory Guarantees and Warranties to Consumers

  1. Schedule 2 of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (“C&C Act”) defines a consumer.  Under the C&C Act we are a supplier of either goods or services or both to you, and as a consumer the C&C Act gives you statutory guarantees.  Attached to the Standard Terms and Conditions are:-
    1. Schedule 2 of the C&C Act; and
    2. those statutory guarantees, all of which are given by us to you if you are a consumer.
  2. If you are a consumer within the meaning of Schedule 2 of the C&C Act of our goods or services then we give you a warranty that at the time of supply of those goods or services to you, if they are defective then:-
    1. We will repair or replace the goods or any part of them that is defective; or
    2. Provide again or rectify any services or part of them that are defective; or
    3. Wholly or partly recompense you if they are defective.
  3. As a consumer under the C&C Act you may be entitled to receive from us notices under Schedule 2 section 103 of the C&C Act.  In that regard:-
    1. If you are a consumer within the meaning of Schedule 2 of the C&C Act and the goods or services we are providing relate to the repair of consumer goods then we will give you any notice which we are obliged to give you under Schedule 2 section 103 of the C&C Act.
    2. If we are a repairer of goods capable of retaining user-generated data then we hereby give you notice that the repair of those goods may result in the loss of the data. 
    3. If we are a repairer and our practice is to supply refurbished goods as an alternative to repairing your defective goods or to use refurbished parts in the repair, then we give you notice that the goods presented by you to us for repair may be replaced by refurbished goods of the same type rather than being repaired.  We also give you notice that we may use in the repair of your goods, refurbished parts.

Limitation of Liability

  1. If you are not a consumer within the meaning of Schedule 2 of the C&C Act then this clause applies to you.  If you are a consumer within the meaning of the C&C Act then this clause has no effect whatsoever to in any way limit our liability or your rights.  If you are not a consumer:-
    1. To the full extent permitted by law, our liability for breach of an implied warranty or condition is limited to the supply of the services again or payment of the costs of having those services supplied again.
    2. We accept no liability for any loss whatsoever including consequential loss suffered by you arising from services we have supplied.
    3. We do not accept liability for anything contained in the post of a user or in any form of communication which originates with a user and not with Us.
    4. We do not participate in any way in the transactions between our users.

Indemnity

  1. By accessing our website, you agree to indemnify and hold us harmless from all claims, actions, damages, costs and expenses including legal fees arising from or in connection with your use of our website. 

Force Majeure

  1. If a Force Majeure event causing delay continues for more than 30, we may terminate this Agreement by giving at least 7 Notice to you.  “Force Majeure” means any act, circumstance or omission over which we could not reasonably have exercised control.

Jurisdiction

  1. These terms and conditions are to be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Queensland and any claim made by either party against the other which in any way arises out of these terms and conditions will be heard in Queensland and you agree to submit to the jurisdiction of those Courts.
  2. If any provision in these terms and conditions is invalid under any law the provision will be limited, narrowed, construed or altered as necessary to render it valid but only to the extent necessary to achieve such validity.  If necessary the invalid provision will be deleted from these terms and conditions and the remaining provisions will remain in full force and effect.

Privacy

  1. We undertake to take all due care with any information which you may provide to us when accessing our website. However we do not warrant and cannot ensure the security of any information which you may provide to us.  Information you transmit to us is entirely at your own risk although we undertake to take reasonable steps to preserve such information in a secure manner.
  2. Our compliance with privacy legislation is set out in our separate Privacy Policy which may be accessed from our home page.

 

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